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WATCH | China completes historic Mars spacecraft touchdown



  • Since america did, a Chinese language spacecraft has efficiently landed on the floor of Mars, making China the second space-faring nation to land on the Pink Planet.
  • Nonetheless, they talked about that the touchdown course of consisted of lower than a dozen minutes of terror because the module ‘decelerates after which slowly descends’ through the manoeuvring.
  • This solar-powered rover has been named Zhurong, after a legendary Chinese language god of fireside, and can now survey the touchdown web site earlier than departing from its platform to conduct inspections.

An uncrewed Chinese language spacecraft efficiently landed on the floor of Mars on Saturday, state information company Xinhua reported, making China the second space-faring nation after america to land on the Pink Planet.

The Tianwen-1 spacecraft landed on a web site on an unlimited plain referred to as Utopia Planitia, “leaving a Chinese language footprint on Mars for the primary time,” Xinhua stated.

The craft left its parked orbit at about 19:00 CAT on Friday (01:00 Beijing time Saturday). The touchdown module separated from the orbiter three hours later and entered the Martian ambiance, the official China Area Information stated.

It stated the touchdown course of consisted of “9 minutes of terror” because the module decelerates after which slowly descends.

A solar-powered rover, named Zhurong, will now survey the touchdown web site earlier than departing from its platform to conduct inspections.

Named after a legendary Chinese language god of fireside, Zhurong has six scientific devices together with a high-resolution topography digicam.

SEE | NASA’s Mars helicopter has beamed again otherworldly assortment of images, video from first few flights

The rover will research the planet’s floor soil and ambiance. Zhurong can even search for indicators of historical life, together with any sub-surface water and ice, utilizing a ground-penetrating radar.

Tianwen-1, or “Inquiries to Heaven”, after a Chinese language poem written two millennia in the past, is China’s first impartial mission to Mars. A probe co-launched with Russia in 2011 failed to depart the Earth’s orbit.

The five-tonne spacecraft blasted off from the southern Chinese language island of Hainan in July final yr, launched by the highly effective Lengthy March 5 rocket.

After greater than six months in transit, Tianwen-1 reached the Pink Planet in February the place it had been in orbit since.

If Zhurong is efficiently deployed, China can be the primary nation to orbit, land and launch a rover in its maiden mission to Mars.

READ | NASA has photographed China’s new lunar lander on the far facet of the moon — this is the primary picture

Tianwen-1 was one in every of three that reached Mars in February, with U.S. rover Perseverance efficiently touching down on 18 February in an enormous melancholy referred to as Jezero Crater, greater than 2 000 km away from Utopia Planitia.

Hope – the third spacecraft that arrived at Mars in February this yr – is just not designed to make a touchdown. Launched by the United Arab Emirates, it’s presently orbiting above Mars gathering information on its climate and ambiance.

The primary profitable touchdown ever was made by NASA’s Viking 1 in July 1976 after which by Viking 2 in September that yr.A Mars probe launched by the previous Soviet Union landed in December 1971, however communication was misplaced seconds after touchdown.

China is pursuing an bold house programme. It’s testing reusable spacecraft and can also be planning to ascertain manned lunar analysis station.

In a commentary printed on Saturday, Xinhua stated China was “not seeking to compete for management in house” however was dedicated to “unveiling the secrets and techniques of the universe and contributing to humanity’s peaceable use of house.”


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