Iran’s first president Abolhassan Banisadr dies – state media

Former president of Iran Abolhassan Banisadr.

  • Iran’s president Abolhassan Banisadr has died in response to state media.
  • Banisadr is claimed to be the primary president of Iran after the 1979 Islamic revolution.
  • He fled to exile after being dismissed for opposing the nation’s supreme chief.

Iran’s first president after the 1979 Islamic revolution, Abolhassan Banisadr, died in a Paris hospital on Saturday aged 88, the official information company IRNA mentioned.

“After an extended sickness, Abolhassan Banisadr died on Saturday on the (Pitie-)Salpetriere hospital” in southeast Paris, IRNA reported, citing a supply near the previous president.

Banisadr was elected president in January 1980 scorching on the heels of the earlier yr’s Islamic revolution.

However he was dismissed by the Iranian parliament in 1981 after he opposed late supreme chief Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Since then, he had been dwelling in exile in France.

Born on 22 March 1933 in a village close to Hamadan in western Iran, Banisadr was a supporter of liberal Islam.

A practising Muslim, he was an activist from the age of 17 within the ranks of the Nationwide Entrance of Iran, the motion of nationalist chief Mohammad Mossadegh.

Listed below are some memorable moments from his lifelong journey:

  • After learning theology, economics and sociology, Banisadr turned a number one opponent of the Shah’s regime.
  • He was needed by the police, which compelled him to go away Iran in 1963 and settle in Paris.
  • In 1970, he advocated the union of the Iranian opposition round Khomeini, who was exiled in Iraq.
  • In October 1978, Khomeini went to France, and Banisadr turned certainly one of his shut mates and advisers.
  • On 1 February 1979, Banisadr was on the airplane that introduced Khomeini again to Iran.
  • He served as Iran’s minister of economics and overseas affairs.

The person at instances known as “Khomeini’s non secular son” was elected president of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 26 January 1980.

From the beginning of his mandate, Banisadr confronted immense difficulties: the US hostage affair, the Iran-Iraq struggle, an financial disaster and, above all, the opposition of fundamentalist clerics.

As Iran’s armed forces commander from February 1980 to June 1981, he reorganised the nation’s navy and spent a lot of his time on the entrance traces of the struggle with Iraq.

However the proponent of an “Islamic third manner” that revered democratic rule, he confronted intense strain from hardliners.

After over a yr of disputes with some senior members of the Shiite clergy, the democratisation course of got here to a halt.

On 21 June 1981, Banisadr was dismissed by parliament for “political incompetence” with Khomeini’s approval.

Banisadr then left Iran on 29 July 1981 hidden on board a navy plane hijacked by certainly one of his supporters. As quickly as he arrived in France, he requested and obtained political asylum.

In August 1981, he based the Nationwide Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) with one other exiled chief, Massoud Rajavi, chief of the Folks’s Mujahedin, who had escaped on the hijacked airplane, however he left the organisation lower than three years later.

He had been dwelling in Versailles since Might 1984.

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